The prostate, as a gland is only found in men. The glands’ location is just below and in front of the bladder and rectum respectively and its size is almost that of a walnut. Urine from the human body is carried by the urethra and it is released via the prostate, which has an additional function of keeping the sperms healthy and alive by producing a sustaining fluid. As a man’s age increase, the prostate enlarges, and it can sometimes cause a squeezing effect to the urethra causing urinary complications. This condition is called the Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) and is different from prostate cancer, which is common cancer that affects most men. Research has proven that there are no known prostate cancer relationships to dietary habits, sexual habits, occupational exposure, smoking or infections, nor is there any relationship between BPH and prostate cancer. Prone to be victims of this type of cancer are men with a family history of having this complication.
Detection of the prostate can be done by an observation of several signs including the presence of blood in the urine, back, ribs, hips or bone pains, feeling numb in the feet, loss of bowel control among many others. However, conclusions should not be drawn before visiting a doctor for confirmation of whether the signs are a sign of cancer infection. An examination should be done by the doctor who checks for any abnormalities in the prostate for instance bumps which could be felt within the prostate region or even the firmness of the gland. A PSA test is highly recommended since a PSA is a prostrate made substance, therefore, any rise in its levels alerts the doctor of a potential problem. In such a case, the doctor advises a prostate biopsy to be done. The Biopsy should be performed by the doctor in case the patient shows any prostate cancer signs. This test consists of sample tissues from the prostate gland taken and microscopically examined to check for any presence of cancer cells. Prostate cancer Naperville Il doctors have numerous treatment options.
Prostate cancer treatments can be divided into curative and palliative which define therapies and slow down the growth of cancer cells respectively. For the patients who only have a tumor in the prostate gland, a condition known as prostatectomy can be treated through the surgical removal of the prostate. This is curative because as the prostate is removed, the surrounding tissues and lymph nodes are removed too. The surgery is traditionally done through an open incision of the abdomen down to the umbilicus and pubic bone. A new surgical option too known as da Vinci prostatectomy can be used where only small abdominal incisions are made by the physician. Another method is the Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy and in this, particles containing high energy like gamma rays, x-rays, protons or electrons are used to destroy the cancer cells. Hormone/Androgen Deprivation Therapy is another effective treatment method which can be combined with radiation when the cancer is aggressive. Male hormones, especially the testosterone accelerate cancer growth, and when the amount of this hormone is reduced, then prostate cancer also slows down.